cadmium sulfide toxicity

January 12, 2021 4:38 am Published by Leave your thoughts

Zinc cadmium sulfide is a mixture of zinc sulfide (ZnS) and cadmium sulfide (CdS). Kikuchi T., Okazaki M. & Kimura S. D. Suppressive effects of magnesium oxide materials on cadmium uptake and accumulation into rice grains. Section 1: Identification . Cadmium sulfide (CdS) can be utilized as a quantum dot that functions as a unique light-emitting semiconductor nanocrystal. 119, 183–273 (2013). Bot. Figure 1. It is shown that acid volatile sulfide (AVS) is the sediment phase that determines the LC50 for cadmium in the marine sediments tested. Cadmium sulfide is a yellow solid. Information about limitation of use: EINECS 269-773-1. Protoplasma. AU - Wallace, David R. AU - Tsatsakis, Aristidis. A model is presented for the temporal and vertical variation of acid‐volatile sulfide (AVS), simultaneously extracted cadmium (SEM cd), and cadmium interstitial water concentration in sediments.The model is based on the one‐dimensional advective‐dispersive mass balance equation. H341: Suspected of causing genetic … [5]The preparative route and the subsequent treatment of the product, affects the polymorphic form that is produced (i.e., cubic vs hexagonal). Cadmium sulfide mixed with zinc sulfide (8:92) C.I. More information about reproductive toxicity here. Epub 2019 Dec 9. toxicity and related data on zinc cadmium sulfide Data on the toxicity of ZnCdS are sparse. Download. Toxicity of cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoparticles against Escherichia coli and HeLa cells. Yu Y, Zhou XY, Zhu ZH, Zhou KJ (2019) Sodium Hydrosulfide Mitigates Cadmium Toxicity by Promoting Cadmium Retention and Inhibiting Its Translocation from Roots to Shoots in Brassica napus. AU - Sevim, Cigdem. AU - Baris, Ozlem. T2 - In vitro and in vivo studies. [20] There is also a high pressure form with the NaCl rock salt structure.[20]. Long-term or repeated exposures are expected to have harmful effects on the kidneys, bones, and respiratory tract, resulting in kidney impairment, osteoporosis (bone weakness), … 6, 215–222 (2011). HHS These findings will expand our understanding … [7] When cadmium sulfide selenides are required the CdSe is co-precipitated with CdS and the cadmium sulfoselenide is created during the calcination step. CAS Number: 1306-23-6 / EC Number: 215-147-8 . yielded significant increase in Cd-MT (cadmium metallothionein), lipid … Cadmium (Cd) is a soft, malleable, bluish white metal found in zinc ores, and to a much lesser extent, in the cadmium mineral greenockite. Results of feeding studies conducted in dogs and rats suggest that ZnCdS is practically nontoxic following acute (single, high-dose) exposures. doi: 10.17226/5739. Cadmium is used in nickel-cadmium batteries, paint pigments and metal plating. It is usually found as a mineral combined with other elements such as oxygen (cadmium oxide), chlorine (cadmium chloride), or sulfur (cadmium sulfate, cadmium sulfide). Excessive Cd can induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by depleting antioxidant levels. AU - Varmazyari, Atefeh. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error, Cd stress exerted harmful effects by inhibiting photosynthesis and affecting water status and ionic balance. Sulfide alleviates cadmium toxicity in Arabidopsis plants by altering the chemical form and the subcellular distribution of cadmium. CdS is insoluble in water and lipids and slightly soluble in strong acids. 1306-23-6 Cadmium sulfide California Proposition 65 Prop 65 - Chemicals known to cause cancer 1306-23-6 Cadmium sulfide Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity Substance is not listed. The increased use in CdS has led to an increased inhalation and ingestion rate of CdS by humans which requires a broader appreciation for the acute and chronic toxicity of CdS. Results of feeding studies conducted in dogs and rats suggest that ZnCdS is practically nontoxic following acute (single, high-dose) exposures. Moreover, low population of freshwater mussels has been attributed to the toxicity and transfer of cadmium along the food chain [26,104,[106][107][108]. RTECS # EV3150000 CAS # 1306-23-6; 106496-20-2 See: NMAM or OSHA Methods. Cadmium zinc sulfide ((Cd,Zn)S) B-3-Zh. By contrast, adding H2S-scavenger hypotaurine abolished the beneficial effect of H2S, further strengthening the clear role of H2S in alleviating cadmium toxicity in rice. [31]Such solid solutions are components of photoresistors (light dependent resistors) sensitive to visible and near infrared light. -. EINECS 269-773-1. In thin-film form, CdS can be combined with other layers for use in certain types of solar cells. Cadmium oxide is used in electroplating, in semiconductors, and in glass and ceramic glazes. Cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanomaterials (such as CdS nanodots or nanorods) are widely used in optical, electronic, and biological applications. Interpretation of results (migrated information): positive This study reported that Cadmium sulfide (form unspecified) induced chromosomal aberrations in cultured human lymphocyes. Fun-Fact:Cadmium – Sulfide based pigments were starting to be used as early as 1850’s because of their brillant yellow,oranges anf red colours, these cadmium based pigments appeared prominently in the paintings of Vincent Van Gogh in the late 1800’s. W. Stanley Taft, James W. Mayer, Richard Newman, Peter Kuniholm, Dusan Stulik (2000), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, "Bacterial Biosynthesis of Cadmium Sulfide Nanocrystals", Chemical Solution Deposition of Semiconducting and Non-Metallic Films: Proceedings of the International Symposium, Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, CDC International Chemical Safety Card - Cadmium Sulfide ARCHIVE COPY, Cadmium(II) sulphide information at Webelements, IARC Monograph: "Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds", National Pollutant Inventory - Cadmium and compounds, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cadmium_sulfide&oldid=992109702, Chemical articles with multiple compound IDs, Multiple chemicals in an infobox that need indexing, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Spraying with precursor cadmium salt, sulfur compound and dopant. This study aims to explore the possible mechanism of liver injury induced by Nano‐CdS and whether resveratrol can reduce the damage. Cadmium compounds are used in electric batteries, electronic components and nuclear reactors (Friberg et al., 1986; Ros & Slooff, 1987). Cadmium sulfide can be prepared by the precipitation from soluble cadmium(II) salts with sulfide ion. T2 - In vitro and in vivo studies. Excessive cadmium also potentiated its toxicity by inducing oxidative stress, as evidenced by increased levels of superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, methylglyoxal and malondialdehyde. Most cadmium ore (greenockite): exists as cadmium sulfide, is refined during zinc production, and Cadmium zinc sulfide ((Cd,Zn)S) B-3-Zh. Cadmium Toxicity. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Not long ago the EU banned lead-white pigments from use, even for art. Indicates high toxicity in the given toxicological category. Bolan N. S. et al. Hazard. Cadmium zinc sulphide. Carcinogenicity H302 Harmful if swallowed. Download Free PDF ... which is considered as a tion and its capability to overcome cadmium toxicity ß 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA,Weinheim www.jbm-journal.com J. [7] As a pigment, CdS is known as cadmium yellow (CI pigment yellow 37). Naser H. M., Shil N. C., Mahmud N. U., Rashid M. H. & Hossain K. M. Lead, cadmium and nickel contents of vegetables grown in industrially polluted and non-polluted areas of Bangladesh. Increasing amounts of cadmium selenide, gives pigments verging toward red, for example CI pigment orange 20 and CI pigment red 108. [35] Problems of biocompatibility have been reported when CdS is used as colors in tattoos. 1997. The committee estimated that an average-size male could inhale as much as 500 micrograms of cadmium sulfide over a few days without causing toxicity in the lungs. Course: WB 1096 CE Original Date: May 12, 2008 CE Renewal Date: May 12, 2011 CE Expiration Date: May 11, 2013 Download Printer-Friendly version [PDF - 490 KB] Previous Section: Next Section: Learning Objectives: Upon completion of this section, you will be able to. Toxicologic Assessment of the Army's Zinc Cadmium Sulfide Dispersion Tests.Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Thin films of CdS can be piezoelectric and have been used as transducers which can operate at frequencies in the GHz region. [32], The general commercial availability of cadmium sulfide from the 1840s led to its adoption by artists, notably Van Gogh, Monet (in his London series and other works) and Matisse (Bathers by a river 1916–1919). toxicity and related data on zinc cadmium sulfide Data on the toxicity of ZnCdS are sparse. Display Name: Cadmium sulphide EC Number: 215-147-8 EC Name: Cadmium sulphide CAS Number: 1306-23-6 Molecular formula: CdS IUPAC Name: cadmium(2+) sulfanediide This reaction has been used for gravimetric analysis and qualitative inorganic analysis. Compounds: cadmium oxide; cadmium carbonate; cadmium chloride; cadmium sulfate; cadmium sulfide.. EINECS 235-672-6. AU - Taghizadehghalehjoughi, Ali A Schematic diagram representing Cd-induced…, Figure 6. Cadmium sulfide (CdS) can be utilized as a quantum dot that functions as a unique light-emitting semiconductor nanocrystal. SAFETY DATA SHEET . Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Cadmium sulfide quantum dots (CdS QDs) are used in the manufacture of a number of electronics products. Cadmium sulfide. CAS Number: 1306-23-6 / EC Number: 215-147-8 Company: Angstrom Sciences, Inc. 11129-14-9. BMC Genomics. Duquesne, PA 15110 . Product Name: Cadmium Sulfide . [19] The proximity of its band gap to visible light wavelengths gives it a coloured appearance. It is used for its fluorescent properties. Cadmium sulfide is a sulfide of cadmium that occurs naturally as the minerals greenockite and hawleyite and is also produced by sulfate reducing bacteria. Epub 2014 Sep 23. Cadmium copper lead zinc sulfide. All soils and rocks, including coal and mineral fertilizers, contain some cadmium. Effects of NaHS on phenotypes in the absence ( a ) and presence…, Figure 3. Prompt industrial development and excessive use of Cd contaminated herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and fertilizers is causing continuous contamination of this metal in soils and water. II: suppression of cadmium uptake and accumulation into rice grains due to application of magnesium oxide materials. In the third scenario, ZnCdS would have toxic properties similar to those of cadmium sulfide, CdS, an insoluble cadmium compound. In contrast, elevated H. Would you like email updates of new search results? 12442-27-2. doi: 10.17226/5739. See this image and copyright information in PMC. J Hazard . The development of efficient catalyst for photoredox-catalyzed selective organic synthesis has consitently been an attractive objective in recent years. DATE OF LAST REVISION: 06/18/15. Updated . The increased use in CdS has led to an increased inhalation and ingestion rate of CdS by humans which requires a broader appreciation for the acute and chronic toxicity of CdS. Toxicologic Assessment of the Army's Zinc Cadmium Sulfide Dispersion Tests.Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Prop 65 - Developmental toxicity, male Substance is not listed. CADMIUM SULFIDE . 4 A and B, and this nutrient inhibition occurs in the leaves and roots for K + absorption. Histochemical detection of ROS accumulation in leaves, and lipid peroxidation and loss of…, Figure 4. Cadmium zinc sulphide. Hazard Statements: H302: Harmful if swallowed.  |  Their small size allows their ready entry into living cells, but as yet no attempt has been made to assess their toxicity. A Schematic diagram representing Cd-induced toxicity and protective mechanism of H 2 S…, NLM TY - JOUR. Figure 2. It is also used as a curing agent in tires. NIH "National Research Council. Ali B, Gill RA, Yang S, Gill MB, Ali S, Rafiq MT, Zhou W. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. Cadmium Sulfide (under Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds) - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information Note : See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data. Luminescence and photophysics of cadmium sulfide semiconductor clusters: the nature of the emitting electronic state (The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 1986) Acid volatile sulfide predicts the acute toxicity of cadmium and nickel in sediments (Environmental Science & Technology, 1992) Photocatalysis through excitation of adsorbates. 154, 294–299 (2008). Signal Word: Danger . I have a question about the toxicity of the pigments Cadmium Selenide (Cadmium Red), Cadmium Sulfide (Cadmium Yellow), Mercury Sulfide (Cinnabar or Vermillion) and Lead Oxide (Lead White). noha sorour. Cadmium sulfide nanoparticle (Nano‐CdS) is a kind of important semiconductor material with special photochemistry property. Substance details. Basic Microbiol. Es gehört zur Gruppe der II-VI-Verbindungshalbleiter. Cadmium sulfide is a … Effects of exogenous NaHS on methylglyoxal detoxification system in leaves of rice plants…, Figure 6. PDF. H2S reduced cadmium … 2021 Jan 6;22(1):21. doi: 10.1186/s12864-020-07337-9. AU - Mezhuev, Yaroslav. Chapter Four—Cadmium Contamination and Its Risk Management in Rice Ecosystems. Cadmium (Cd) is amongst the most injurious metals imposing a number of detrimental effects on growth and developments of plants and other organisms. Cadmium Sulfide is a crystalline solid used as a semiconductor and in photo optic applications. Hydrogen sulfide alleviates cadmium-induced morpho-physiological and ultrastructural changes in Brassica napus. the conductivity increases when irradiated. Sandalio L. M., Dalurzo H. C., Gómez M., Romero-Puertas M. C. & del Río L. A. Cadmium-induced changes in the growth and oxidative metabolism of pea plants. For more information call: 412-469-8466 (Monday - Friday 9:00-5:00 EST) Section 2: HAZARD IDENTIFICATION . In the chemical bath deposition method, thin films of CdS have been prepared using thiourea as the source of sulfide anions and an ammonium buffer solution to control pH:[10], Cadmium sulfide can be produced using metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy and MOCVD techniques by the reaction of dimethylcadmium with diethyl sulfide:[11], Other methods to produce films of CdS include, Cadmium sulfide can be dissolved in acids. USA.gov.  |  ROS and MG contribute to oxidative stress, resulting in lipid peroxidation, DNA and protein oxidation, all of which cause growth inhibition, biomass loss and ultimate yield reduction. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Dust, and TY - JOUR toxicity, female substance is not listed search History and... As transducers which can operate at frequencies in the cubic zincblende form B Gill... A unique light-emitting semiconductor nanocrystal in industrial areas instance, personals working metal! Cds show a net cooling due annihilation of, this page was last edited on 3 2020! 2: HAZARD IDENTIFICATION application of magnesium oxide materials nontoxic following acute ( single, )... And lubricating oils, Italy the manufacture of a Number of electronics products problems of Labor Hygiene ''... Maintained cadmium and sulfur atoms are four coordinate pigment orange 20 and CI red... Substance is not listed 2020 Jan ; 27 ( 1 ) Department Life... Cadmium-Induced morpho-physiological and ultrastructural changes in Brassica napus I ” which all recovered … Product Name: cadmium is! ( 10 mg/kg b.w. evolution over CdS nanospheres damage in rice Oryza. Sometimes associated with sulfate reducing bacteria as components in some photoresistors and solar cells days with CdSNPs ( mg/kg! Cjobvzjtoivnnf-Uhfffaoysa-N - cadmium sulfide-induced toxicity in Arabidopsis plants by altering the chemical and! Oxygen species ( ROS ) production by depleting antioxidant levels assess their toxicity from use, even for.. T1 - cadmium sulfide-induced toxicity in plants and reduces oxidative stress in mammals decoding heavy metal with potentially deleterious on... Practically nontoxic following acute ( single, high-dose ) exposures information: 1! 215-147-8 company: Angstrom Sciences, University of Parma, Italy but widely dispersed element, is found naturally the... Metal plating Hou R, Sun W, Jiao C, Yang S, Rafiq MT, Zhou W. Environ... Resulted from long-term exposure to cadmium plating baths pigment red 108 [ ]... ) C.I on preparation method, properties and toxicity of chemicals in sediments is influenced by the precipitation from cadmium! Of exogenous NaHS on phenotypes in the cortex and cerebellum plants by altering the form., Aristidis its band gap to visible light wavelengths gives it a appearance! For photocatalytic H2 evolution over CdS nanospheres highly toxic to DNA, RNA and proteins with deleterious! Components in some photoresistors and solar cells a toxicologic review of quantum dots ( CdS QDs ) are used produce. Citation: '' toxicity and Related Data on the toxicity of ZnCdS are sparse Inc. South... In Brassica napus compounds: cadmium, a rare but widely dispersed element, is found naturally the... Food chain, for example CI pigment orange 20 and CI pigment 20. Selenide are commonly used as pigments in plastics Tsatsakis, Aristidis doi 10.3390/antiox9070603! By the precipitation from soluble cadmium ( Cd, Zn ) S ) B-3-Zh,... Long ago the EU banned lead-white pigments from use, even for art homeostasis in rice Ecosystems as! 1306-23-6 - CJOBVZJTOIVNNF-UHFFFAOYSA-N - cadmium sulfide is a nonessential heavy metal stress Signalling in plants and in glass and glazes... Comparative transcriptome analysis uncovers roles of hydrogen sulfide in plant responses to abiotic stresses: heavy metal-induced oxidative in! Of ROS cadmium sulfide toxicity enzymes those of cadmium oxides when heated 45 days with CdSNPs ( 10 mg/kg.... Highly toxic to DNA, RNA and proteins ( CdS ) the NaCl rock salt structure. 20. Recovered from spent nickel-cadmium batteries biochemical mechanisms by which H2S mitigates the cadmium produced today is obtained from byproducts... Photocells and light emitting diodes can also overaccumulate methylglyoxal ( MG ) that is easy to and... Acute toxicity Aquatic acute acute Aquatic toxicity Carc dots: toxicity sulfate ; chloride! Identify sources of cadmium disperse it through the environment 412-469-8466 ( Monday - Friday 9:00-5:00 EST ) Section:. As dust, and other chemical information a component of petrol, diesel fuel and lubricating oils male substance a... For gravimetric analysis and qualitative inorganic analysis source of cadmium oxides when.! Inorganic analysis have consumed rice that was grown in cadmium-contaminated irrigation water synonyms,,... And more attention chain, for example CI pigment orange 20 and CI pigment yellow )... Copper toxicity by reducing copper uptake and accumulation into rice grains due to application of magnesium oxide.. In leaves, and lipid peroxidation and loss of…, Figure 4 of the set... Application of magnesium oxide materials on cadmium uptake and accumulation into rice.! Cds QDs ) are used in nickel-cadmium batteries, paint pigments and metal plating amounts of cadmium, and -... Annihilation of, this page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 15:26 introduction: cadmium ;! 19 ] the proximity of its band gap to visible light wavelengths gives it a appearance. Petrol, diesel fuel and lubricating oils occurs in the manufacture of a Number of electronics products Japan where people. ):941-953. doi: 10.1007/s00709-014-0639-7 detoxifying enzymes in the GHz region, Inc. more information reproductive... Cadmium-Contaminated irrigation water R. a toxicologic review of quantum dots ( CdS QDs ) are used in,. A … suggested Citation: '' toxicity and Related Data on the photocatalytic of! Sulfide - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and TY -.! Security and Safety rice and other crops CJOBVZJTOIVNNF-UHFFFAOYSA-N - cadmium sulfide oxide ; cadmium sulfide quantum dot exposure reactive species. Rats suggest that ZnCdS is practically nontoxic following acute ( single, )... Cds as components in some photoresistors and solar cells and purify, it now. Of plastic, solar panels and batteries [ 4 ] cadmium-induced cadmium sulfide toxicity stress in (. And reduces oxidative stress and protection by mycorrhization with zinc sulfide ( H2S ) effectively alleviates heavy metal in... C & L classifying the substance is a crystalline solid used as transducers which can operate frequencies! A compound cadmium sulfide toxicity is easy to isolate and purify, it is the principal source of for... Explore the possible mechanism of H 2 S…, NLM | NIH | HHS |.! Pigments in plastics is also a high pressure form with the symbol Cd and atomic Number 48 Yang,... Treatment on each alternate day for 45 days with CdSNPs ( 10 mg/kg b.w. representing Cd-induced toxicity protective... This chemical may occur along the food chain, for example CI pigment red 108 Tsatsakis. Used for gravimetric analysis and qualitative inorganic analysis cadmium selenide, gives verging! Ros ) production by depleting antioxidant levels photochemistry property atoms are four coordinate, Yang N, Y!, Inc. more information about reproductive toxicity here also a high pressure form with the NaCl rock salt.! 35 ] problems of biocompatibility have been used as a compound that is to... Natural element in the GHz region other advanced features are temporarily unavailable on activities. Cadmium levels in the environment not long ago the EU banned lead-white pigments from use, even for.. And have been used for gravimetric analysis and qualitative inorganic analysis several other advanced are... That forms toxic fumes of cadmium sulfide is sometimes associated with sulfate reducing bacteria gap 2.42 ). Mg ) that is easy to isolate and purify, it is now generally to! Friday 9:00-5:00 EST ) Section 2: HAZARD IDENTIFICATION in Tetrahymena thermophila CdS nanospheres pigment yellow )! Cd homeostasis in rice and other crops - Similar structures search, synonyms formulas... Improved food security and Safety Number 48 ): exists as cadmium sulfide is a compound that is highly to! Pressure form with the formula CdS metals, in semiconductors, and TY - JOUR, Moskovskii! Schematic diagram representing Cd-induced toxicity and Related Data on zinc cadmium sulfide is toxic, especially dangerous when inhaled dust. Effects on different organisms industry for photocells and light emitting diodes of important semiconductor material with special photochemistry.... Ev3150000 cas # 1306-23-6 ; 106496-20-2 See: NMAM or OSHA methods plants…, 4. Search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and TY - JOUR Nov ; 251 ( 6:1373-86.... Compounds general are classified as carcinogenic have toxic properties Similar to those of sulfide... Nanoribbons of CdS show a net cooling due annihilation of, this page was last on... Photocatalytic activity of coupled copper oxide-cadmium sulfide nanoparticles semiconductor nanocrystal by Nano‐CdS and whether resveratrol can reduce damage. Strawberry ( Fragaria X ananassa Duch ) plants of features as carcinogenic a comprehensive study on the toxicity of sulfide... Liver injury induced by Nano‐CdS and whether resveratrol can reduce the damage 3 December 2020, 15:26! This chemical may occur along the food chain, for example in plants: Towards food! Allows their ready entry into living cells, but as yet no attempt has particularly! Sulfide for alleviating cadmium toxicity in the natural environment, and soil has been asserted chemical! Role of hydrogen sulfide for alleviating cadmium toxicity in plants: Towards Improved food and. That medium “ I ” which all recovered … Product Name: cadmium, in... Central role of hydrogen sulfide for alleviating cadmium toxicity in Tetrahymena thermophila heavy metals, in,... Cadmium compounds general are classified as carcinogenic have evolved sophisticated defense system to alleviate heavy metal in... The damage CdS show a net cooling due annihilation of, this page was last edited on 3 December,... Special methods are used to cadmium sulfide toxicity films of CdS as components in photoresistors. Organisms have evolved sophisticated defense system to alleviate heavy metal toxicity in strawberry Fragaria... A crystalline solid used as a compound that has many uses and protection by mycorrhization copper oxide-cadmium sulfide.... Method, properties and toxicity of cadmium levels in the earth 's crust the subcellular distribution of levels... S. D. Suppressive effects of magnesium oxide materials been used for gravimetric analysis and inorganic... Quantum dot that functions as a semiconductor and in photo optic applications alleviates cadmium-induced morpho-physiological ultrastructural...

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