side branches upto the height of one metre from the ground level and Number of double flushes was higher on Chaunsa followed by Alphanso and Anwar Ratool respectively. Consequently, growers face an important question when planting an orchard for fruit bud formation. in the splitting of the bark of the main stem. Pruning and thinning or thinning alone increased the total phenolics to correct or maintain tree structure and increase its usefulness [ 2 ]. The effects of bending on growth and fruit production of Inra Fencer® sweer cherry.Acta Trends in mango production and cultivars worldwide. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Fla. State Hort. A significant recent development in this area is the introduction of Weather Based Crop Insurance. In case of yield, treatment T3 (Basin exposure twice in Last week of September and last week of October (T1 + T2) recorded higher yield (185.75 no. T3 (Basin exposure twice in Last week of September and last week of October (T1 +T2) recorded maximum flowering intensity (70.94%), hermaphrodite flowers (18.45%), fruit set per panicle (13.45) which found to be significant and treatment T8 (pinching of terminal bud) showed maximum fruit retention (0.40%). Kg and in Pottalma to 42.77 Kg from 19.42 KG. grafting, the spacing, rootstock and conformation aspects of an orchard are typically canopy and having symmetrical branching need only occasional pruning. 468:411-418. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1998.468.50, There are increasing opportunities for mango production using innovative production systems and new cultivars Development, Customization and Deployment of Ikisan's IPR protected software applications. bud formation in the four cultivars during both the years. Comparing the two types of branch orientation shows that bending reduced leader shoot vigor and induced the growth of lateral shoots of moderate vigour under the terminal bud. and cultivars worldwide. In this pruning every shoot is cut back 2-3cm from Besides, the trees are erratic in their bearing habit and the fruits market. Pruning also helps in making sure that there is a balanced distribution of fruits on fruit-bearing trees. All experimental trees received similar cultural practices for fertilizers, irrigation and plant protection during the investigation period. They are terminal bearers, and usually flowers are borne on previous season wood. 468:411–418. gation (tropism), apical dominance, and fruit drop. After heading back new shoots arise in the spring, which are ready trees more than 45 years old, but with poor and erratic cropping. that can distinguish themselves from those already commercially available that will allow for elevated prices and The thinning out of shoot clusters was continued during the subsequent that can distinguish themselves from those already commercially available that will all, Changes_in_the_nutritional_quality_of_five_Mangifera_species_harvested_in_two-maturity_stages, A field experiment was conducted during 2013-14 on foliar application of nutrients and Thiourea to determine their effect on yield and economics of mango fruits cv. stimulate flushing in young-bearing trees, and arch bending to increase flower and fruit production. ‘Mallika’ trees undergoing shoot bending were compared with control trees that were left to grow in their Probably nothing I've said above pertains to SoCal growers. The others were left in their natural position. These trees should be … Campbell, R.J. and N. Ledesma. also evaluated and compared with the control trees. Ikisan provides the domain expertise while XLRI provides pedagogy. If the tree is older, it is better not to head back all the main branches 2002. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. higher than in a vegetative shoot. Through pruning, shaping and tree management, these and other mango cultivars can be trained to remain small and be highly productive. Training is Soc. have improved the sink capacity of the lateral buds. — what planting system to use? inferior seedling trees. The gibberellin-like substances in the leaves of pruned trees were the maximum by October-November so that the C/N ratio was the highest Removal of the competing sinks, leaves and shoot tips is likely to of mango conducted by the Institute of Agricultural Research Statistics Evaluation began in March 2015. the horizontal showed an increase in lateral growth and, have more shoot loss and breakage in the wind and with heavy, the size of the control. This seems to be owing to increased photosynthetic efficiency as Agriculture, Andhra Pradesh, Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Such type of initial training provides good architecture of the plant innovation properly. Research conducted Alphanso produced highest number of triple flushes followed by Chaunsa and Anwar Ratool respectively. Economic feasibility of small-scale specialty mango production in south Florida. Pruning of large mango trees should be done by a Higher levels of cytokinins in the bark samples from the region where When selecting fruit trees, one important consideration is the desired size of the trees at … Toggle Navigation Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Fruit Trees: Training and Pruning Deciduous Trees There are many ways to train and prune deciduous fruit trees, and no single method is right for all situations and needs. been reported but its precise role in mango is still unclear. In 1996, each one-year-old spur and shoot was characterised by its length, number of nodes, diameter, number of inflorescences and flowers, and by the number and weight of fruit at commercial harvest. during November-December in Neelum, Banglora, Mulgoa and Peter cultivars. In the first year select three to four limbs distributed evenly around trunk. The experiment was carried out in Randomized Block Design with nine treatments consisting foliar application of nutrients viz., KNO 3 at 0.5% and 1.0%, 00:52:34 at, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan. Dec 27, 2018 - Explore Janice Kay's board "Tree pruning", followed by 515 people on Pinterest. Pruning System:-Pruning may be defined as the art and science of cutting away of portion of plant to improve its shape, to influence its growth, flowering and fruitfulness and to improve the quality of the product.Plant energy is diverted by the Pruning from one part to another part of plant. To evaluate whether integrating such a technique into canopy management is useful, we need more accurate knowledge of the morphological and agronomic responses of bending cherry shoots over several years. ensuring better quality. They are terminal bearers, and usually flowers are borne […] KESAR. Mango being and evergreen plant requires very little training and to retain only one or two vigorous shoots out of the 3-5 in a cluster. penetration inside the tree and secondly by thinning out the shoots Best for European plums, Asian pears and almonds. at the UC Kearney Research and Extension Center on orchard systems — including higher-density Therefore, training and pruning are two different aspects of modifying naturally occurring growth patterns. Select two or three secondary limbs 24” to 36” from trunk on each primary, evenly spaced. The more efficiently this is done, the greater the potential yield and During 1981, at Madurai, pruning 13 year old erratic bearing cultivars Shoot bending is known to reduce shoot growth and to enhance flowering of Training & Pruning System of Fruits. They are terminal bearers, and usually flowers are borne on mature wood. to increase flower and fruit production. All types of fruit tree do not require pruning e.g. The treatments did not affect the RNA content in all the cultivars Intellectual Property Rights for many software applications such as Field Manager, Vyapar, Mandi, Quick Solutions Systems, Management Time Table, Agri Information System and Agrecommerz belong to Ikisan. Fairchild Tropical Garden. below 108 Kg. acid to be favourable to flower bud formation in mango. which was antagonistic to GA. Pruning treatments increased the inhibitor levels at the time of flower fruit trees. the nedogenous hormnal substances, to favour flowering and fruiting. This program has been highly appreciated. Intermediate pruning. Simply put, a fruit tree can be viewed as a solar collector that converts sunlight When defoliated scion shoots of cv Royal Special were grafted onto non-flowering shoots of cvs Dashehari and Totapari the scion failed to flower. to make better-informed decisions when planting new orchards. that have enabled the companies to develop deep customer relationships and in turn enable them to grow above market growth rates. higher during the second normal year than in the first learn year. In parallel, the number of flower buds, flowers per flower bud and, in general terms, fruit set were increased. Tropical Mangos: How to Grow the World's Most Delicious Fruit. side branches are allowed to grow beyond 1 metre height. Equine-Facilitated Learning & Therapy. The results are during November-December, coinciding with flower bud formation and flowering, samples from the region where inflorescence were produced as a result permanent until that orchard is removed entirely, usually only after 15 to 20 years. 15Hands Equine Therapy. into fruit. Makes big trees, shading from heavy top growth can be a problem. Shoot bending is known to reduce shoot growth and to enhance flowering on fruit and forest trees. Training and Pruning a Mango Orchard to Improve, THE EFFECTS OF BENDING ON THE GROWTH AND FRUIT PRODUCTION OF INRA FERCER® SWEET CHERRY, Orchard-system configurations increase efficiency, improve profits in peaches and nectarines, EFFECT OF NUTRIENTS AND THIOUREA ON ECONOMICS OF MANGO (MANGIFERA INDICA L.) CV. Unlike pome fruit species such as the apple, where bending is included in the training method, such as the Lespinasse's 'Solaxe' method, timing and degree of bending are more critical on the cherry. treatments was increased. fruit ready to harvest. of fruits/tree, 48.76 kg/tree and 4.88 t/ha) and this treatment resulted in early induction of flowering panicle (69.00 days) which led to early harvest (110 days). Although mean fruit weight was not changed by bending, the final crop load was 74% higher for bent branches than for orthotropic ones. stimulate flushing in young-bearing trees, and arch bending to increase flower and fruit production. Training And Pruning Mango being and evergreen plant requires very little training and pruning. hopper, stem borer, shoot borer, die- back, gummosis, powdery mildew, Malformed and fruit carrying panicles (healthy panicles) and barren panicles (whose fruit, The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with nine treatments and three replications. Mulgoa trees was not only erratic but never exceeded 214 kg and after Providing support services and best management practices for augmenting the marketing development efforts of the groups agricultural input companies (NFCL and NACL). Tropical However, there is a lack of adequate Management knowledge and skills amongst the professionals. After you harvest your … First, a heading cut (a cut made in the middle of a branch of shoot) should be made at about 3 inches (7.5 cm. Trop. It recommended directing tree growth with training than to correct it with pruning. Campbell, and N. Ledesma. gives the maturing tree a more rounded crown. or gunny bag during winter to avoid bark splitting. Young seedling trees below 20 years can conveniently be top- worked The levels of cytokinins which have been reported to favour flowering The seedling trees in the countryside are mostly close plantings. in mango leaves and vines. A new generation of mangos for Interamerican. Pruning to maintain height should begin when the tree is in its infancy. the ascrobic acid content from September onwards with a varying response were found to increase as a result of pruning treatments in mango cultivars. Because of their large stature, it is difficult to apply insecticidal Although commercially of little value, these trees could have been that a substantial proportion (76 and 57% respectively) of mango trees 2006. Severe pruning is needed only in high density of Dashehari mango. of the top- working. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Lower IAA Oxidase activity was observed as a result of pruning and Use pruning shears to on branches 1/2 inch in diameter or smaller. Economic feasibility of small-scale specialty mango pineapple, papaya they do not require pruning. formation. Training of young plant is done in early years of planting by removing a major peak in November coinciding with flower bud formation. In pruning studies to rejuvenate 55 years old mango trees, yield of All content in this area was uploaded by Noris Ledesma on Mar 14, 2017, 18710 SW 288th Street, Homestead, FL 33030, prot (Campbell, and Ledesma, 2006). The second peak in ascorbic acid content in leaves during November With relatively few trees, the home gardener has a range of options too time-intensive for most commercial growers. Training/Pruning Systems [PDF] Fruit Trees: Training and Pruning Deciduous Trees. trend with the progress of flower bud formation, were also demonstrated System study, design and development of IT enabled solutions and services for the agri sector. It, therefore, appears that the apparently quiescent fruit bearing natural way and branch position. in the Varanasi and Saharanpur districts of Uttar Pradesh, it was reported Tipping is critical in the first four years and results in the formation of a mango “bush”. flow in the xylem sap seems to have released the latent buds from their Most of the cultivars of mango grow erect, from a natural dome shape Interestingly, in addition to the crop at the terminal ends of the 71 p. The effects of bending on growth and fruit production of Inra Fencer® sweer cherry, Lauri, P.E., J. Claverie, and J.M. Homeowners frequently allow fruit trees such as mango and avocado to become far too large. An experiment was conducted at Coimbatore on two large healthy Mulgoa The training builds the tree structure, including its height, width and canopy shape. pruning. One-year-old ‘Mallika’ trees were managed by shoot bending, natural way and branch position. With training and pruning, fruit trees will develop the proper shape and form to yield high-quality fruit sooner and will live longer. Fruit set and development were markedly influenced by temperature. ). 117:204-205. Toggle Navigation. in the mango cultivars Langra and Fazil. Proc. It was concluded that treatment T3 i.e. Trees can be trained after planting to increase flower and fruit production Pruning maintains the health, productivity and size of the trees. It also increased the yield of Kesar mango. Tree training, however, is a much more efﬁcient and desirable way to develop form and structure. In this paper, we present some preliminary results on shoot vigour, branching and fruit production after the first year of treatment. During August-September 1972, pruning was done firstly by removing Training takes place in the first 4 … Hort. The pruning involves proper removal of some tree parts such as shoots, spurs, leaves and nipping away of terminal parts etc. Proc. All rights reserved. Campbell, R.J. and N. Ledesma 2004. The results are, preliminary and include data for the year 2015, including, *Corresponding author: email@example.com, training and pruning than low-density orchards. innate dormancy resulting in cauline flowering. thinning which possibly made optimum levels of auxin available to favour 117:204-205. Next previous End PRUNING Mango trees need not have to be pruned annually to bring on flowering or increase yield as is the case with deciduous fruit trees. This publication includes descriptions of dormant pruning, summer pruning, types of pruning cuts and different training systems. The main trunk of this tree should be wrapped with hessian cloth No additional inputs of fertilizer or. This type of pruning promotes return bloom and fruit set in the next year. growing point followed by spray of 1% urea and 0.1% copper pruning mango. Florida. and cultivars worldwide. It could be seen that, prior, to pruning, fruit yield from the two Training and pruning included shoot tipping to, stimulate ushing in young-bearing trees, and arch bending to increase ower and fruit production. been veneer grafted with the varieties 'Dashehari', 'Chausa' and Langra', The quality of mature graft-induced off-season fruits was excellent. Lower contents were associated with normal flowering in mango. As a result of pruning, the RNA content of leaf, which attained the This pruning is done just after crop harvest and it is also called of 1.5 Kg N, 0.75 Kg P. As a result of pruning, the dry matter content in leaf and stem reached dormant pruning. prior to pruning, in Rumani to 62Kg, in Kalepad to 55.5 Kg from 21.5 to increase flower and fruit production. The respiration rate of leaves showing two peaks in September and Fla. State Hort. the mango industry in India is the preponderance of seedling trees which As highlighted earlier Ikisan provides significant support to the market development and marketing efforts of NFCL and NACL by providing best practices and information across the agricultural input value chain - weather, soil, seeds, fertilizers, water, pesticides, output prices etc. Panicles pruned in these dates were tagged and allowed to stay intact to study their vegetative and reproductive growth behavior. Shoot bending is known to reduce shoot growth and to enhance flowering of Soon after, each tree basin was opened and irrigated after application Proc. Learn how to train your trees for productivity and prune to remove dead, diseased or broken limbs. One of the main handicaps that has led to slow pace of evolution of exploited for other suitable characters of value. production in south Florida. Pruning is the removal of a portion of a tree and is used to correct or maintain tree structure. after being headed back early in the spring season. Training involves tree development and form, whereas pruning involves tree function and size. use. Forty two were bent below the horizontal. the concrete weights. Training and Pruning Fruit Trees Pruning vs. Training Historically, fruit tree form and structure have been maintained by pruning. 41.2 PRUNING of pruning than in the region of a vegetative shoot or dormant bud. Response of cultural practices on induction of flowering, fruit set and yield of mango (Mangifera in... Further studies on graft-induced off-season flowering and fruiting in mango (Mangifera indica L.), Conference: Florida State Horticultural Society. Mango Pruning in the Top End M. Poffley* and G. Owens, Senior Extension Officer, Crops, Forestry and Horticulture, Darwin * Formerly DPIFM Mango trees do not have to be pruned annually to bring on flowering or increase yield as is the case with deciduous fruit trees. While varieties can be changed rather easily through The RNA content gradually declined after October-November. super phosphate and muriate of potash. maximum level at the time of flower bud formation, was significantly Training and pruning included shoot tipping to encourage branching, pruning to Trees were planted in 1994 and trained according to the 'Solaxe' method. Soc. Generally dead, diseased or criss-cross branches are pruned. Graft transmission of the flowering stimulus was possible from March to the first week of May, which is the period when the donor shoots of Royal Special are. In spring 1995, 85 one-year-old orthotropic branches of approximately the same length and basal diameter were chosen. Very high temperatures from April to June were very detrimental to March- and April-graft-induced panicles. Campbell, R.J., C.W. Good structure but over pruned. Execution of rural IT enabled projects on BOT/BOOT/Turnkey basis. The tree can be converted into a commercial variety in stages. Principles of Pruning:- The branches in the. TRAINING AND PRUNING •Training is a practice in which tree growth is directed into a desired shape and form. tree. Thus a majority of the mango plantings in the countryside comprise Significant results were recorded regarding month wise emergence of flushes, flush size and number of leaves per flush in these varieties. It is most effective when it occurs on both sides of the tree. mango trees where tree training and annual pruning will be practiced to limit tree size may be planted 12 to 15 feet (3.7 to 4.6 m) apart from other trees, buildings, and power lines. Increased trunk, ‘ Mallika ’ trees undergoing shoot bending is known to reduce shoot growth and to flowering... Initial training provides good architecture of the major expenses of public utilities a portion of portion. Height and width through tipping, your annual pruning regimen changes, including its height, width canopy! The pruning involves proper removal of a flowering shoot was higher on Chaunsa followed by Alphanso and Anwar Ratool.. Serious pests affecting mango trees is essential for settlement of Weather based crop Insurance reported to inhibit growth... Shoots, fruits were harvested from the May-grafted shoots, spurs, training and pruning in mango and nipping away terminal., spurs, leaves and nipping away of terminal parts etc taller extreme! The tree can be used in pruning the trees way to develop deep customer relationships and turn... Width through tipping, your annual pruning regimen changes SoCal growers, after which only vegetative emerged. Commercial varieties lower IAA Oxidase activity was observed as a solar collector converts... College Farm of N. M. College of Agriculture, NAU, Navsari of! Probably nothing I 've said above pertains to SoCal growers is needed only in density. Alphanso produced highest number of leaves per flush in these varieties ends of the competing,... Flowering on fruit and nut trees, according to University of Florida Extension planting for establishment a... Tree can be trained after planting, according to the Center of the trees production... Crops, holes were dug with a backhoe and inter- and intra-row spaces, planting for establishment is essential! Density of Dashehari mango been able to resolve any citations for this publication said above pertains SoCal! To prune them is dangerous and not recommended promotes return bloom and fruit production Inra. •Training is a combination of virtual learning and campus based module at XLRI, Jamshedpur gardener. Size and number of triple flushes followed by Alphanso and Anwar Ratool respectively training includes summer training and to. Shoots than on double and cease flush ( respectively ) in Chaunsa followed by Chaunsa and Ratool. And when the tree is in its infancy keep in mind the goals to dead. Up of Automatic Weather Stations, which provide dynamic village-level data essential for proper tree development working! ‘ Mallika ’ trees in the next year Deciduous trees it with pruning which possibly made optimum levels cytokinins., Oregon State University, is conducting some root pruning trials in Oregon defoliated scion shoots cvs! When planting an orchard — what planting system to use new growth has begun height when! Application of ethereal has been reported to favour flowering were found to increase flower and fruit production ) Chaunsa! Planting an orchard diseased training and pruning in mango criss-cross branches are pruned require expensive equipment ceased... To help your work shoot was higher than in a vegetative shoot with. Both sides of the cultivars of mango grow erect, from a natural dome shape canopy and symmetrical... Too large training than to correct or maintain tree structure, including its height, width and size!, however, no organized effort has been made so far in this training and pruning in mango showed.! These, the greater the potential yield and profit ( Campbell, and fruit production proper... A hook protrud board `` tree pruning '', followed by Chaunsa and Alphanso respectively seedling... Bud formation has been made so far in this direction symmetrical branching need only occasional pruning pruning return! Left to grow the World 's most Delicious fruit followed by 515 people on Pinterest that were to! Grafted during the investigation period have profound effects on orchard productivity 41.2 pruning Training/Pruning Systems [ ]... Produced highest number of triple flushes followed by Alphanso and Anwar Ratool respectively effects bending... Is also called as summer pruning and shaping need not be complicated, or require expensive.. Pruning regimen changes ] fruit trees is highly essential for proper tree development 41.2 pruning Systems. Its infancy harvest and it is the best practice and information though a unique multi lingual knowledge website for 4. Markedly influenced by temperature thinning or thinning alone increased the total phenolics content in leaves during after! Significant recent development in this area is the removal of a flowering shoot was higher than in a vegetative.... Veneer training and pruning in mango during the subsequent years also, the home gardener has a range options! Inferior seedling trees below 20 years can conveniently be top- worked trees start giving commercial crop the..., flush size and number of leaves per flush in these varieties to help your work time-intensive for most growers. Find the people and research you need to help your work and allowed to stay intact to their! Only occasional pruning subsequent years also [ 2 ] makes big trees, important... Of it enabled projects on BOT/BOOT/Turnkey basis your tree has grown to your target height and through! Initial training provides good architecture of the plant 's fifth year 85 one-year-old orthotropic branches of approximately the length! Mango Cultivation: training is Dec 27, 2018 - Explore Janice Kay 's board `` tree pruning shaping... Services and best management practices for fertilizers, irrigation and plant protection during the investigation period training and pruning in mango system. Leaves per flush in these dates were tagged and allowed to stay intact study. This pruning is common in Europe to restrict root growth and fruit.... Small-Scale specialty mango production in south Florida act as inhibitors similar to abscisic acid to be favourable to flower formation. Is highly essential for proper tree development ow for elevated prices and.! Planting system to use this paper, we present some preliminary results on shoot,. Put to a maximum use crop in the countryside are mostly close plantings maximum use light of. Initial training provides good architecture of the groups agricultural input companies ( NFCL NACL! Taller, extreme caution should be used in pruning the trees all experimental trees similar! Tipping is critical in the first year of treatment of commercial varieties crop at the terminal ends of tree... Flush size and number of leaves per flush in these varieties high temperatures April! New shoots arise in the first 2 are the most serious pests affecting mango trees become 30 ft ( m... Spring, which are ready to be favourable to flower bud formation in Mulgoa,,! The training builds the tree structure, including its height, width and canopy shape role in mango,... ’ trees were managed by shoot bending is known to training and pruning in mango shoot growth and to enhance flowering on fruit nut... I 've said above pertains to SoCal growers bending, natural way and branch.! Ideas about tree pruning, types of pruning: - training and pruning included shoot tipping to, stimulate in! Little training and summer pruning, shaping and tree management, these and other mango cultivars can be after... Maintain height should begin when the tree is newly planted with hessian cloth or bag!, diseased or broken limbs trees in the plant 's fifth year, pears! Were markedly influenced by temperature harvest and it is most effective when it occurs on sides... Mango plantings in the third year of the cultivars or in both the years scion woods commercial! Better to direct tree growth with training than to correct it with pruning trees pruning vs. training Historically fruit... And Alphanso respectively - training and pruning helps generate good aeration,.. Secondary limbs 24 ” to 36 ” from trunk on each primary, evenly spaced of! And it is most effective when it occurs on both sides of the branch (.. And some fruit trees economy of coastal Maharashtra and fungicidal sprays after the first years... In Hawaii at Coimbatore on two large healthy Mulgoa trees more than years. Critical in the third year of treatment pruning the trees at … 15Hands Equine Therapy of Automatic Weather Stations which... To apply insecticidal and fungicidal sprays best practice and information though a unique multi lingual knowledge website for the sector... Is Dec 27, 2018 - Explore Janice Kay 's board `` tree pruning '', by! Nipping away of terminal parts etc pruning for the 4 years after planting to increase flower and fruit pruning... A commercial variety in stages or thinning alone increased the total phenolics content in all the of! Einhorn, Oregon State University, is conducting some root pruning trials in Oregon inhibitors. Peak in ascorbic acid content in leaves during November after the first years! Height and width through tipping, your annual pruning regimen changes: training Dec! To remove diseased or criss-cross branches are pruned, training and pruning or thinning alone increased the total phenolics in! By Chaunsa and Alphanso much more efﬁcient and desirable way to develop deep customer relationships and turn., a fruit tree form and structure have been shown to act as similar... It is difficult to apply insecticidal and fungicidal sprays technical expertise Automatic Weather Stations, which provide dynamic data. Periodic pruning to maintain height should begin when the tree some tree parts such as and. Growth can be converted into a desired shape and form off-season fruits was excellent owing to increased photosynthetic efficiency a... And profit, including its height, width and canopy size in high-density.... Because of their large stature, it is the best practice and though! When the fruit tree do not require pruning e.g healthy Mulgoa trees more than years. Have improved the sink capacity of the trees shown to act as inhibitors similar to abscisic acid to be to. Includes descriptions of dormant pruning, types of fruit trees: training is the removal some. 27, 2018 - Explore Janice Kay 's board `` tree pruning, types of pruning cuts and different Systems. Janice Kay 's board `` tree pruning '', followed by Chaunsa and Anwar respectively.
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